Causative Verbs “Make” and Causative Verbs “Make”

Posted: May 1, 2012 in Uncategorized

Jack had his house painted.

This sentence is similar in meaning to: Someone painted Jack’shouse. OR Jack’s house was painted by someone. Causative verbs expressthe idea of someone causing something to take place. Causative verbs canbe similar in meaning to passive verbs.

Examples:
• My hair was cut. (passive)
• I had my hair cut. (causative)

Make

‘Make’ as a causative verb expresses the idea that the person requiresanother person to do something.
Construction Chart

Subject + Make + Person + Base Form of Verb

Examples:
• Peter made her do her homework.
• The teacher made the students stay after class.

Make digunakan untuk memaksa seseorang melakukan sesuatu. Bentuknya adalah make + orang + verb.
Contoh:
• My teacher made me apologize for what I had said.
• Did somebody make you wear that ugly hat?
• She made her children do their homework.

 

Passive Voice

                        S          V        O

Active : (a) Mary helped the boy

Form of passive : be + past participle

                             S                    V

Passive : (b) The boy was helped by Mary

In the passive, the object of verb becomes the subject of the passive verb : “the boy” in (a) becomes the subject of the passive verb in (b). (a) and (b) have the same meaning.

TENSES

ACTIVE

PASSIVE

simple present

Tom opens the door

The door is opened by Tom

present progessive

Tom is opening the door

The door is being opened by Tom

present perfect

Tom has opened the door

The door has been opened by Tom

simple past

Tom opened the door

The door was opened by Tom

past progessive

Tom was opening the door

The door was being opened by Tom

past perfect

Tom had opened the door

The door had been opened by Tom

simple future

Tom will open the door

The door will be opened by Tom

be going to

Tom is going to open the door

The door is going to be opened by Tom

future perfect

Tom will have opened the door

The door will have been opened by Tom


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